Project Snapshot
Nord Stream Pipeline
Facility Type: Pipeline
Scope: New Construction
Owner: Nord Stream AG
Location: Vyborg, Russia to Greifswald, Germany  Russian Federation
Region: Europe & Russia
Modified:  January 07, 2009

Project description

Nord Stream AG is a consortium comprising four major companies: Gazprom, BASF/Wintershall Holding AG, E.ON Ruhgras AG, and N.V. Nederlandse Gasunie.

The Nord Stream pipeline will give Western Europe direct access to Russia's vast gas reserves. By connecting the world’s largest gas reserves to the European gas pipeline network, Nord Stream is meeting approximately 25% of the gas requirement.

The natural gas pipeline will link the Russian Baltic Sea with the German Baltic Sea, and it will be one of the world's longest offshore pipelines. In the Russian territory, a 570-mile long on-shore connection is being built by Gazprom to connect the Nord Stream pipeline to the Russian gas transmission system. WINGAS and E.ON Ruhgras will build two on-shore connections, from Greifswald to the south and west of Germany, with a total length of 528 miles.

Nord Stream will consist of two parallel lines with a wall thickness ranging from 26.8 to 41.0 mm. The first pipeline will have a transmission capacity of 27.5 billion cubic meters a year, and the project is due for completion in 2011. The second line should be completed in 2012 and will double its capacity to approximately 55 billion cubic meters.

The pipeline will transport natural gas to Germany, which will continue on to Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, the UK and France. Italy's Saipem will lay the pipeline and Snamprogetti is working on the detailed technical design of the pipeline.

Work on Nord Stream began in 2005. Construction will start in 2010, and it will reach full capacity in 2012.

  Key Stats
Project type:
new construction
Pipeline type:
natural gas
55 billion cubic meters of gas each year; two pipelines with 27.5-bcm capacities
758 miles
Nord Stream AG, Italian Saipem, and Snamprogetti
In service:
2011 with the second pipeline coming online in 2012
7.4B euros
  Related Articles
Estonia Refuses Nord Stream Survey Request
Dec 06, 2012 - Estonia on Thursday rejected a request by Russia-led consortium Nord Stream AG to survey its waters as a potential route for an expansion of its pipeline bringing gas from Russia to Germany under the Baltic Sea.
BP in Early Talks Over Nord Stream Link to Bring Russian Gas to UK
Nov 26, 2012 - BP is in early talks with the Gazprom-led Nord Stream pipeline consortium over an extension to carry the gas straight into the U.K., a spokesman said Sunday.
Nord Stream Mulls Expansion; Possibly 2 More Pipelines
May 11, 2012 - The consortium that operates a natural gas pipeline that ships Russian gas to western Europe via the Baltic Sea may further expand the pipeline.
Germany, Poland: Nord Stream Pipe Won't Block Polish Port Expansion
Jun 21, 2011 - The Nord Stream pipeline that will deliver natural gas from Russia to Germany under the Baltic Sea won't block development of a key Polish port, the German and Polish leaders said Tuesday as they sought to allay Polish public opinion.
PGNiG: No Plans to Join Nord Stream
Sep 30, 2010 - Poland's oil and gas corporation PGNiG Thursday denied plans to connect Poland with the Russian-German Nord Stream gas pipeline.
Medvedev, Other Dignitaries Mark Start of Nord Stream Construction
Apr 09, 2010 - Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on Friday attended a ceremony near the Finnish border to celebrate the beginning of construction work on the Nord Stream gas pipeline.
Technip Wins Nord Stream Project
Mar 18, 2010 - Technip has been awarded a frame contract for the Nord Stream project in the Baltic Sea, covering four tie-ins on the project's two parallel pipelines.
OMK To Supply Pipes for Nord Stream's Second Link
Feb 25, 2010 - United Metallurgical Co. (OMK) announced last week that it has become Russia's only supplier of pipes for the construction of the second link of the Nord Stream gas pipeline on the bed of the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany.
Finnish Authority Grants Permit To Underwater Gas Pipeline
Feb 12, 2010 - An international consortium that plans to bring natural gas from Russia to Germany via a pipeline under the Baltic Sea said Friday it hoped to begin construction work in April.
Ecologists Challenge Nord Stream In German Court
Feb 10, 2010 - German environmentalist groups said Wednesday they have filed suit to block construction of the Nord Stream gas pipeline through the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany.
US Gears Back Criticism of Two Russia-backed Pipelines
Nov 27, 2009 - The U.S. has toned down its once-strident criticism of two controversial Russian-backed pipelines, a shift in rhetoric that coincides with strong progress on the high-profile projects in recent months.
Sweden, Finland Grant Nord Stream Permits
Nov 05, 2009 - The Swedish and Finnish governments granted permits to Nord Stream Thursday to utilize their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) for the pipeline through the Baltic Sea.
Nord Stream Secures Construction Permit from Denmark
Oct 20, 2009 - The Danish Energy Authority granted a permit Tuesday to Nord Stream AG to construct the Danish section of its planned 1,223 kilometer (km) natural gas pipeline.
German Grid Legislation May Delay Nord Stream
Oct 07, 2009 - New legislation in Germany regulating construction of new gas infrastructure could delay construction of the Nord Stream pipeline, Russian gas firm OAO Gazprom (GAZP.RS), a majority shareholder in the project, said Wednesday.
Gazprom To Double Gas Deliveries To Danish Utility
Oct 02, 2009 - Danish state-owned utility Dong Energy A/S said Thursday that Gazprom Export, part of Russian major Gazprom OAO, will double its gas deliveries for DONG to two billion cubic meters of gas annually.
Nord Stream Submits Revised App To Sweden
Sep 30, 2009 - An international consortium that wants to bring natural gas from Russia to Germany via an underwater pipeline handed in its revised application to Sweden on Wednesday.
Nord Stream: Any Enviro Impact Would Be Temporary
Sep 07, 2009 - Nord Stream AG says the natural gas pipeline it wants to build from Russia to Germany beneath the Baltic Sea would only have a temporary environmental impact.
Nord Stream Updates EU Energy Commissioner on Permitting Status
Jul 16, 2009 - Matthias Warnig, Managing Director of Nord Stream AG, and EU Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs on Thursday confirmed the importance of the Nord Stream gas pipeline to EU energy security.
Finland Wants More Nord Stream Analysis
Jul 02, 2009 - A Finnish environmental agency gave cautious approval to the prospective Nord Stream gas pipeline Thursday, but asked for more studies to be done.
GDF Suez: No Plan To Buy Nord Stream Stake
Apr 29, 2009 - French utility GDF Suez ruled out reports for a possible acquisition of a minority stake in the Nord Stream gas pipeline, currently being built by German power group E.ON and Russia's gas major Gazprom.
Russian, Finnish Presidents Discuss Nord Stream
Apr 20, 2009 - Russian President Dmitry Medvedev Monday expressed his support for a planned underwater Baltic Sea gas pipeline during a two-day state visit to neighboring Finland.
Gazprom In Nord Stream Windfall
Mar 30, 2009 - Gazprom and E.ON, the Russian and German energy groups, are in line for a windfall once their $7.4bn Nord Stream gas pipeline is built in 2012.
Baltic Countries Confirm Nord Stream Enviro Report
Feb 18, 2009 - The transboundary environmental report (Espoo Report) for the Nord Stream gas pipeline across the Baltic Sea will be ready for public participation in early March 2009, the consortium Nord Stream AG reported Wednesday.
Nord Stream Consortium Sticks To 2011 Start-up
Feb 13, 2009 - A consortium aiming to build a Baltic Sea pipeline to bring Russian gas to western Europe has completed an environmental impact report and said on Friday it is on track to begin deliveries in 2011.
Wartime Mines To Be Cleared from Nord Stream Route
Nov 29, 2008 - The planned gas pipeline on the bottom of the Baltic Sea will run through old sea mine defense lines.
Nord Stream Consortium Hires Former Finnish Premier
Aug 15, 2008 - Former Finnish prime minister Paavo Lipponen hasbeen hired as a consultant by a consortium that plans to build anunderwater Baltic Sea gas pipeline from Russia to Germany, reports said Friday. Lipponen, who served as prime minister 19
Nord Stream Consortium Reports On Project Status
Aug 11, 2008 - The consortium that plans to build an underwater Baltic Sea gas pipeline from Russia to Germany on Monday released an overview of the project to date.
Exec Sees One-year Delay for Nord Stream
Jul 23, 2008 - Completion of the controversial Nord Stream gas pipeline under the Baltic Sea is likely to be delayed by one year from 2011 to 2012, a German executive working on the Russian-led project said Wednesday.
Italy Energy Deals Highlight W. Europe Push for Russian Firms
Jun 25, 2008 - Energy ties between Italy and Russia were strengthened after two deals, valued together at about 2.35 billion euros, or $3.65 billion, were signed by some of the countries' leading companies in the sector.
Saipem Signs Pipelaying Contract for Nord Stream
Jun 24, 2008 - Saipem and Nord Stream AG have signed the contract for laying the Nord Stream gas pipeline, worth more than 1 billion Euro.
E.ON Chairman Sees Nord Stream Pipeline Launch In Fall 2011
Jun 24, 2008 - E.ON AG's Ruhrgas unit management board chairman Bernhard Reutersberg said autumn 2011 is a realistic target for the launch of the Nord Stream gas pipeline, Interfax reported.
Gasunie Gets Stake In Nord Stream
Jun 20, 2008 - In a pre-announced deal Dutch gas company Nederlandse Gasunie NV has joined OAO Gazprom (GAZP.RS), E.ON Ruhrgas (EOA.XE) and Wintershall Holding in the Nord Stream AG gas pipeline project with a 9% stake, Gazprom said Friday.
Germany's Merkel Vows Support for Nord Stream
Jun 05, 2008 - German Chancellor Angela Merkel vowed Thursday to champion a planned Baltic gas pipeline linking Russia to western Europe that has angered eastern European states and worried environmental groups.
Baltic States Keen On Energy Cooperation Despite Pipeline Row
Jun 04, 2008 - The Baltic states and Poland are keen to join energy, environment and economic development projects in the Baltic Sea region despite their opposition to a planned Russian-German underwater gas pipeline, a regional gathering heard Wednesday.
Nord Stream Pipeline Builders To Seek Old Munitions In Baltic
Jun 03, 2008 - Environmental concerns are a consideration in effortsto build an undersea gas pipeline between Russia and Germany, aproject executive said Tuesday.
Nord Stream Drops Baltic Service Platform Plan
Apr 08, 2008 - The Nord Stream consortium said Tuesday it has dropped plans to build a service platform east of the Swedish Baltic Sea island Gotland.
Salzgitter Sees Nord Stream Delays
Apr 02, 2008 - Salzgitter AG sees political opposition to the planned Nord Stream Baltic Sea gas pipeline causing delays of up to six months, Financial Times Deutschland reported.
Gazprom: Projected Nord Stream Cost Nearly Doubles
Mar 31, 2008 - Gazprom said in a prospectus for a planned Eurobond issue that it expects construction costs for the 1,200 km Nord Stream gas pipeline to reach 7.4 billion euros, Interfax reported.
Nord Stream: Members To Pay One-third of Extra Costs
Mar 19, 2008 - Nord Stream said one-third of any extra costs associated with the project will be injected by the consortium member companies.
Lithuanian President Wants To Block Nord Stream
Mar 17, 2008 - Lithuanian President Valdas Adamkus has restated his opposition to plans to build a gas pipeline linking Germany directly to Russia under the Baltic Sea.
Russia To Build Nord Stream As Scheduled - Putin
Mar 10, 2008 - Russia will continue the implementation of the Nord Stream project under the existing plans, President Vladimir Putin said Monday.
Public Financing of Nord Stream Now Uncertain
Mar 06, 2008 - The financing of the 5 billion eur Nord Stream project is on the brink of collapsing.
EUPEC Set to Supply Coating, Logistics Services for Nord Stream
Feb 18, 2008 - Nord Stream AG (Zug) and EUPEC PipeCoatings S.A. (Dunkerque) will sign a Letter of Intent by the end of February 2008 for the supply of concrete weight coating and logistics services to implement the Nord Stream pipeline project.
ShawCor Doesn't Expect Coating Role in Nord Stream
Feb 18, 2008 - ShawCor Ltd. said Monday that its Bredero Shaw division does not now expect to participate in the pipe coating for the Nord Stream pipeline project.
Swedish Official 'Surprised' by 'Incomplete' Nord Stream App
Feb 12, 2008 - The Swedish government on Tuesday said it wanted more details from a consortium that plans to build an underwater Baltic Sea gas pipeline.
Polish Official: Growing Nord Stream Costs Worry Moscow
Jan 23, 2008 - Polish Foreign Minister Radoslaw Sikorski on Wednesday that he surmised concern in Moscow over the growing costs of the Nord Stream pipeline project.
Finland Urges Nord Stream to Change Pipeline Route
Jan 21, 2008 - Finland wants German-Russian gas company Nord Stream to come with alternative plans for laying its planned 1,200-kilometer undersea pipeline.
Nord Stream Consortium Confident of Swedish Approval
Jan 07, 2008 - A consortium that plans to build an underwater Baltic Sea gas pipeline from Russia to Germany was confident it would get approval from Sweden, the group said Monday.
Nord Stream Costs to Exceed 5B Euro
Jan 02, 2008 - Nord Stream AG, a consortium that plans to build a natural gas pipeline below the Baltic Sea, expects construction costs to amount to "significantly" more than 5 billion eur.
Swedish Govt Receives Baltic Pipeline Plans
Dec 21, 2007 - The JV that plans to build an underwater Baltic Sea gas pipeline from Russia to Germany on Friday handed in application documents to the Swedish government.
Nord Stream Pushes Back Start Date for Gas Shipments
Dec 21, 2007 - Nord Stream AG said its undersea pipeline will begin shipping gas from Russia to Germany in 2011, missing the original 2010 start date.
E.ON Still Expects Baltic Pipeline to Be Completed
Dec 13, 2007 - E.ON AG's Ruhrgas unit still expects the planned Baltic pipeline to be completed following news the project's cost will exceed the original estimate.
Gazprom Standing By Nord Stream Plans
Nov 27, 2007 - Gazprom said Monday it would stick to its plans to build a $12 billion gas pipeline under the Baltic Sea, despite calls for change.
Gazprom, Gasunie Make Deals on Nord Stream and BBL
Nov 06, 2007 - Gazprom and Gasunie have reached definitive agreement over joint participation in the Nord Stream pipeline through the Baltic Sea.
Gazprom to Build Nord Stream Branch in Czech Republic
Nov 02, 2007 - Gazprom will build a new branch of its Nord Stream gas pipeline through the Czech Republic, news server wrote, citing a Gazprom official.
Nord Stream Consortium Calls Current Route 'Best Solution'
Nov 01, 2007 - The consortium planning to build a gas pipeline through the Baltic Sea has answered criticism from the Swedish government.
Sweden Wants Baltic Pipeline Study to Include Other Routes
Oct 31, 2007 - The Swedish government said it wants the environmental impact study of the planned gas pipeline through the Baltic Sea, to include alternative routes.
Putin, Merkel Back Nord Stream
Oct 16, 2007 - Russian President Vladimir Putin said Monday that Moscow was on track to build a controversial $12 billion natural gas pipeline to Germany from Russia.
Germany Sticking with EU Partners on Russian Gas Pipeline
Oct 15, 2007 - Germany will prevent Russia from driving a wedge between European Union members on a Baltic Sea pipeline project, an official said on Monday.
Estonia: No Plans to Discuss Nord Stream with Russia
Oct 01, 2007 - Estonia has no plans for talks with Russia to allow Nord Stream AG to conduct seabed research in its territorial waters, an Estonian government official said Monday.
Estonia Says 'No' to Nord Stream
Sep 20, 2007 - The Estonian government on Thursday said "no" to Nord Stream AG's request to carry out a seabed survey in Estonian waters needed for the construction of a gas pipeline.
Estonian Government Faces Decision on Nord Stream
Sep 19, 2007 - The Nord Stream AG would respect whatever Estonia demanded, the consortium's manager Matthias Waring said regarding the planned gas pipeline that would linke Russia and the EU.
Saipem Signs LOI to Install Nord Stream
Sep 18, 2007 - Saipem SpA has signed a letter of intent with Nord Stream to install the 1,200 km Nord Stream gas pipeline, a company spokesman said.
Estonia Torn Between Emotion, Reason with Nord Stream
Sep 11, 2007 - For Estonia when it comes to Nord Stream, it's a choice between emotion and the country's international image.
Schroeder: Nord Stream to Begin Ops as Planned
Sep 11, 2007 - The OAO Gazprom-led (GAZP.RS) Nord Stream pipeline--also known as Baltic Sea pipeline--will begin operations as planned in 2010, Gerhard Schroeder, chairman of the consortium's governing body, said Tuesday.
Gazprom Plans Shift of Nord Stream Route
Aug 24, 2007 - Gazprom is planning the first of three re-routings of a controversial pipeline to run under the Baltic Sea, a shift that could cost an extra US$1.35 billion.
Gazprom Raises Estimated Cost of Nord Stream
Aug 15, 2007 - Russian gas monopoly OAO Gazprom (GSPBEX.RS) has raised its estimate of the cost of the Nord Stream gas pipeline to Germany to EUR6 billion, the company said in a regulatory statement Wednesday.
Report: No Nord Stream in Estonian Waters
Aug 01, 2007 - Estonia's government should not allow a consortium behind a controversial gas pipeline to construct it in Estonian waters, according to a new academic report cited by Estonian media.
Baltics, Poland Want EU to Seek Nord Stream Alternatives
Jul 24, 2007 - The governments of the Baltic states and Poland will ask the European Commission to study alternatives to the Nord Stream gas pipeline.
Finland Gives Go-ahead for Nord Stream Work
Jun 14, 2007 - Finland has given the Nord Stream consortium approval to start exploratory work in its economic exclusion zone as part of its gas pipeline project beneath the Baltic Sea.
Gazprom-BASF JV to Invest in European Gas Projects
Jun 14, 2007 - Wingas, jointly owned by Russian gas giant Gazprom and Germany's BASF AG, will invest about 3 billion eur in natural gas infrastructure projects in Europe through 2015.
Baltic States Not Interested in Nord-Stream
Jun 12, 2007 - Baltic states are not interested in participation in Russian-German natural gas pipeline project Nord-Stream, the prime ministers of the Baltic states said.
Finland May Consider Gas from Baltic Pipeline
May 08, 2007 - Finland may consider buying natural gas from a planned Baltic gas pipeline if it was stored in neighboring Estonia.
Baltic Gas Pipeline Could Go Through Estonian Waters
Apr 13, 2007 - The gas pipeline that will go under the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany may be routed through Estonian waters, said Neel Stroebaek from the Nord Stream consortium.
Barroso: EU to Monitor Baltic Pipeline
Mar 30, 2007 - The European Commission will closely monitor the construction of a Baltic Sea gas pipeline to make sure it doesn't disturb the fragile environment, President Jose Manuel Barroso said Friday.
Nord Stream to Test Baltic Bottom Mud in May
Mar 22, 2007 - The Russian-German joint-venture company that plans to build a gas pipeline through the Baltic Sea said Thursday it would be taking more samples of sea-bottom mud beginning in May.
Ukraine Wants to Join Russian-German Gas Pipeline Project
Mar 14, 2007 - Ukraine is willing to supply equipment and materials for the construction of the Nord Stream gas pipeline that will link Russia and Germany via the Baltic Sea.
Finnish Regulators Want More Details on Baltic Pipeline
Feb 27, 2007 - Finnish environment agencies said Tuesday they want a Russian-German consortium to provide more details of its plans to build a gas pipeline from Russia to northern Germany.
Swedish Regulator Wants More Details on Baltic Pipeline
Feb 16, 2007 - The Russian-German consortium with plans to build a gas pipeline through the Baltic Sea had to present more options for its location, a Swedish environmental agency said Friday.
EU Bank:Quarrels Hindering Baltic Gas Pipeline
Feb 08, 2007 - The European Investment Bank on Thursday said that quarrels between European Union member states were blocking funding of a disputed Russian-German natural gas pipeline.
Nord Stream: EU Makes Baltic Sea Pipeline a Priority
Oct 04, 2006 - Nord Stream is essential for ensuring Europe's energy security for the coming decades. It will be able to transport about 25% of natural gas needed additionally in EU 25 in 2015.

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