Project Snapshot
Grain LNG
Facility Type: LNG
Scope: New Construction
Owner: National Grid
Location: Isle of Grain  United Kingdom
Region: Europe & Russia
Modified:  September 10, 2008
Images:


Facility description

Commissioned in 2005, National Grid's Grain LNG terminal can receive and process up to 3.3 million tonnes of LNG (4.4 billion cubic meters of gas) per annum--or 13 million cubic meters (140GWh/d) of gas per day.

A BP/Sonatrach venture has a 3.3-mtpa, 20-year contract with the facility to berth and unload LNG ships and store the cargo before regassification. Also, Centrica, Gaz de France, and Sonatrach have contracted for 6.5 mtpa of expansion capacity that is scheduled to be available in late 2008. These contracts allow the primary capacity holders to sell berthing slots and space to secondary users.

Expansion projects

Phase II

CB&I is constructing three new, 190,000-cubic-meter LNG storage tanks and associated works at Grain LNG under a design-build contract. When this first expansion concludes, total storage capacity will increase to 770,000 cubic meters. Moreover, the GBP355-million expansion--slated to conclude in late 2008--will boost LNG throughput at the terminal by 6.5 million tonnes per annum to 9.8 million tonnes per annum.

National Grid launched the Phase 2 expansion after Centrica, Gaz de France, and Sonatrach in March 2005 signed long-term contracts for the additional capacity.

Phase III

National Grid is expanding the terminal's capacity yet again. The Phase III expansion, which began in Summer 2007 and is expected to conclude in Winter 2010/2011, will increase the facility's total capacity to 14.8 million tons of LNG. The 5-million-ton, GBP310-million capacity expansion entails delivering a second jetty and adding another 190,000-cubic-meter storage tank and associated works. CB&I is also performing this work under a lump-sum contract.

A pipeline that will be constructed between two sites will transport warm water from the power station to the vaporizers at the National Grid importation terminal. The pipeline will be online in early 2010.

Grain LNG is a suitable site for the expansions because National Grid owns a significant area of land in the vicinity and the River Medway's depth allows the largest LNG ships to pass through and berth.

  Key Stats
Year constructed:
2005
Pre-project processing capacity:
3.3 million tons per annum
Post-project processing capacity:
9.8 million tons per annum after Phase II expansion; 14.8 million tons per annum after Phase III expansion
  Related Articles
National Grid Completes Grain LNG Expansion
Dec 03, 2010 - National Grid has announced the start of commercial operations Thursday of its second capacity expansion, delivered on time and to budget, at the company's Isle of Grain LNG importation facility.
CB&I Warns Of Loss On UK LNG Projects
Jul 15, 2008 - CB&I announced Tuesday it will recognize a pre-tax charge of approximately $317 million or $2.38 per share in the second quarter for forecasted cost overruns associated with two major LNG projects in the UK.
UK Energy Regulator Sees Squeeze On Winter LNG Supply
Jun 10, 2008 - A consultation by the National Grid on the UK's winter gas and electricity supply has forecast possible problems in attracting liquefied natural gas (LNG) because of higher prices overseas.
Centrica to Boost LNG Import Capacity at Kent Facility
May 17, 2007 - British Gas owner Centrica PLC said it has secured additional import capacity at National Grid's Isle of Grain LNG terminal in Kent from winter 2010/11.
CB&I Wins Contract for U.K. LNG Terminal Expansion
May 17, 2007 - CB&I has been awarded a contract to add capacity to National Grid's liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal at the Isle of Grain, U.K.
E.ON to Supply Waste Heat to Grain LNG Terminal
Mar 29, 2007 - E.ON AG, the company that runs Powergen, has signed a deal to supply waste heat from its new 500 million stg, 1,275MW power station to National Grid PLC's Grain LNG terminal in Essex.



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