Project Snapshot
Bradwood Landing LNG
Facility Type: LNG
Scope: New Construction
Owner: NorthernStar Natural Gas, Inc.
Location: Bradwood, Oregon  United States
Region: North America
Modified:  August 24, 2010
Images:


Project description

The Pacific Northwest needs new sources of natural gas. Canada, a traditional source of natural gas, is experiencing a decline in gas production while domestic demand for the energy source increases. Natural gas production in the U.S. Rocky Mountain region is steadily growing; however, existing and future pipeline capacity will ship most of the new Rockies production eastward rather than to the West Coast.

NorthernStar Natural Gas has proposed building the Bradwood Landing LNG terminal to help alleviate growing demand for natural gas in the Pacific Northwest. The import terminal, which would receive up to 1.3 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of liquefied natural gas, would be built on an approximately 411-acre parcel of land on the southern shore of the Columbia River in Clatsop County, Ore. Located approximately 20 miles east of Astoria in an area that has long been a center of river commerce, the Bradwood, Ore., site is already zoned for marine industrial use.

The terminal facility would include the following components: a single marine berth for LNG tankers with capacities from 100,000-200,000 cubic meters; three unloading arms at berth to transfer LNG from carriers to storage tanks; a fourth vapor return arm to flow LNG vapor to tanker; two insulated LNG storage tanks (net tank capacity of 160,000 cubic meters); seven submerged combustion vaporizers to regasify natural gas for sendout and delivery into the pipeline system; and various buildings and systems for safety, security, control, storage, and maintenance.

The single berth would accommodate one to two ships per week. The storage tanks would use a "full containment" design, meaning that they would be double-walled: a reinforced concrete secondary tank would surround an inner nickel-steel tank. According to Bradwood Landing, full-containment tanks exceed federal requirements for LNG storage. In addition, Bradwood Landing is seeking permitting for a third storage tank should market demand ever justify one.

Pipeline

To get the regasified LNG to market, NorthernStar has proposed constructing, owning, and operating an approximately 36.3-mile-long pipeline from a pig-launching facility at the LNG terminal to an interconnection with Northwest Pipeline Corp.'s interstate system north of Kelso, Wash. The diameter of the "Bradwood Landing Pipeline" would be 36 inches for the first 18.9 miles and 30 inches for the remaining 17.4 miles.

Along the route, the pipeline would also interconnect with Northwest Natural Gas Company’s (NW Natural) intrastate pipeline system. The NW Natural interconnect would offer access to NW Natural’s Mist underground natural gas storage facility. In addition, it would have delivery points at Georgia-Pacific’s paper mill at Wauna, Ore., and Portland General Electric’s (PG) Beaver Power Plant at Port Westward, Ore. The transportation capacity at each delivery point would be up to 1,500 dekatherms per day.

No compression is planned for the proposed gas pipeline because the pressure of the natural gas existing at the terminal will be sufficient to overcome line losses and meet the proposed interconnection and delivery point requirements.

FERC Approval

On Sept. 18, 2008, the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approved a certificate order for Bradwood Landing, making the project the first U.S. West Coast LNG terminal to receive FERC approval.

Citing delays related to state and federal permitting as well as financing challenges, NorthernStar Natural Gas in early May 2010 announced that it was suspending -- but not terminating -- the project.

  Key Stats
Major units:
single marine berth; three unloading arms; vapor return arm; two insulated LNG storage tanks; seven submerged combustion vaporizers; various buildings and systems
Product:
regasified LNG
Capacity:
1.3 Bcf/d
Contractors:
Whessoe Oil & Gas (technical design and construction); NW Natural (pipeline permitting plan and project management)
  Related Articles
Palomar Pulls App for Proposed Ore. Pipeline
Mar 24, 2011 - Palomar Gas Transmission on Wednesday formally asked the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to withdraw its application for a proposed natural gas pipeline in Oregon.
NW Natural Vows to Build Oregon Pipeline
May 31, 2010 - Northwest Natural Gas Co. will forge ahead with plans to build a portion of its Palomar pipeline through Eastern Oregon, despite failed plans to connect it to a proposed liquefied natural gas terminal at the Columbia River.
Ore. LNG Fight Turns to Two Other Proposals
May 18, 2010 - The battle cry of opponents of three LNG terminals proposed for Oregon went out within hours of the news earlier this month that the financiers of the Bradwood Landing project on the Columbia River had pulled the plug on it.
Remaining LNG projects in Oregon Face Uphill Fight
May 11, 2010 - When NorthernStar Natural Gas suspended development last week of the Bradwood Landing LNG terminal on the lower Columbia River, the company blamed the project's demise on death by bureaucracy.
NorthernStar Suspends Bradwood Landing
May 05, 2010 - NorthernStar Natural Gas said Tuesday that it was suspending efforts to develop an LNG import terminal at Bradwood Landing on the Columbia River east of Astoria, Ore.
Columbia River LNG Terminal Plan Hits Ore. DEQ Logjam
Feb 22, 2010 - Oregon environmental regulators have told the developer of a proposed liquefied natural gas import terminal on the Columbia River that they will likely deny the project's water quality permit in May in the absence of substantially more data.
Ore. LNG Terminals' Futures Hang on Global Supplies
Jan 25, 2010 - Five years after energy developers started sniffing around Oregon as a likely spot to build an import terminal for liquefied natural gas, the air has come flooding out of the gas market like a whoopee cushion.
Bradwood Developer Enters ESA Consultation
Jan 06, 2010 - The formal consultation between the two agencies on Bradwood Landing's impacts to endangered species began last month.
Ore. LNG Foes Resort To Personal Attacks
Apr 29, 2009 - The battle over proposed liquefied natural gas terminals and related pipelines has turned personal in Salem, and the heat may increase another notch when an Oregon House committee considers a property-rights bill that could fast-track state permits.
Feds Join Ore. Suit Against Bradwood Landing
Mar 20, 2009 - The National Marine Fisheries Service, represented by the U.S. Department of Justice has joined Oregon, Washington, Columbia Riverkeeper and other environmental groups in appealing the approval by FERC the LNG project on the lower Columbia River.
Ore. DEQ Suspends Permitting on Bradwood Landing
Mar 02, 2009 - The state Department of Environmental Quality has informally suspended processing clean air and clean water permits for a controversial liquefied natural gas terminal and pipeline proposed on the Columbia River, the Oregon Department of Justice said.
Oregon Asks Court To Toss Bradwood Site's Approval
Jan 27, 2009 - The state of Oregon asked the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals on Monday to overturn federal regulators' approval of the Bradwood Landing liquefied natural gas terminal, proposed for a site 20 miles east of Astoria on the Columbia River.
FERC Upholds Earlier Approval of Bradwood Landing
Jan 16, 2009 - The U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) on Thursday upheld its Sept. 18, 2008, approval of the proposed Bradwood Landing liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal near Astoria, Ore., project developer NorthernStar Natural Gas, Inc. reported.
NorthernStar Claims Stake In Oregon LNG Site
Oct 04, 2008 - Houston-based NorthernStar Natural Gas Inc., facing hurdles in its proposal to develop an LNG gas terminal on the Columbia River, is hoping to throw a roadblock or two in front of a competitor.
FERC Grants Conditional Okay To Bradwood Landing
Sep 18, 2008 - The US energy regulator on Thursday gave the conditional go ahead for construction of the West Coast's first liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal, in Oregon.
Ore. Utility Regulator's Memo Heartens LNG Proponents
Jun 13, 2008 - State utility regulators have told Gov. Ted Kulongoski that it would be worthwhile to import LNG to Oregon, contradicting an earlier report by the state Department of Energy and giving heart to backers of three proposals to build LNG terminals.
FERC Issues Final EIS for Bradwood Landing
Jun 06, 2008 - The FERC staff prepared a final EIS for Bradwood Landing liquefied natural gas (LNG) Project in Oregon and Washington.
Bradwood Landing Submits Biological Assessment To FERC
Jun 05, 2008 - Bradwood Landing LLC on Wednesday submitted its Biological Assessment for its proposed liquefied natural gas import terminal near Astoria, Ore., to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).
Bradwood Landing: FERC Should Reject Supplemental dEIS Request
May 29, 2008 - In a filing Tuesday with FERC, Bradwood Landing affirmed the accuracy of its application and called on the agency to reject Oregon's request for a supplemental draft EIS for the proposed Bradwood Landing LNG import terminal.
Bradwood Landing Seeks Injunction Against Referendum
Apr 17, 2008 - Bradwood Landing on Tuesday sought an injunction in Clatsop County (Ore.) Circuit Court to stop a referendum being pursued by LNG opponents.
Wyden Introduces Bill Giving States Say On LNG Terminals
Apr 08, 2008 - U.S. Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., backed by influential peers, has introduced a bill in another try to recover state authority for licensing and siting liquefied natural gas terminals from federal energy regulators.
Oregon Gov. Ups Ante Against LNG Sites
Feb 18, 2008 - Oregon's governor insisted Thursday that federal regulators halt all reviews of proposals to build LNG terminals in Oregon until they study all natural gas supply options.
Bradwood Landing Addresses Oregon's Concerns About LNG Terminal
Feb 15, 2008 - In a Feb. 12, 2008, letter to Oregon Gov. Ted Kulongoski, Bradwood Landing provided responses to comments submitted by the state regarding FERC's draft Environmental Impact Report (dEIS) on its proposed LNG terminal.
Oregon Hints of Conflict in Firm's LNG Studies
Jan 07, 2008 - State officials aren't satisfied with federal regulators' steps to deal with a potential conflict of interest posed by the same environmental consulting firm working on two projects.
Clatsop County Okays Zoning Changes for Bradwood Landing
Dec 17, 2007 - By a vote of 4-1, the Clatsop County (Ore.) Commission last Thursday tentatively approved the consolidated zoning application that will allow the construction of the Bradwood Landing LNG terminal.
Oregon Gov. Warms to LNG Terminals
Dec 02, 2007 - Gov. Ted Kulongoski has put state agencies on notice that he is open to proposals to build LNG terminals in Oregon to diversify and shore up state energy supplies.
Emotions Prevail at Ore. Pipeline Meetings
Nov 19, 2007 - Landowners along the route of a proposed natural gas pipeline near the lower Columbia River showed signs of organizing at public meetings in four Oregon towns last week.
Oregon Planning Commission Recommends Bradwood Landing Approval
Aug 31, 2007 - The Clatsop County, Ore., Planning Commission on Wednesday voted to recommend the Board of Commissioners issue land use approvals authorizing Bradwood Landing’s construction of an LNG terminal at a former mill site.
TransCanada-NW Natural JV Proposes New Pipeline for Oregon
Aug 07, 2007 - Palomar Gas Transmission LLC on Monday announced a proposal to build a natural gas pipeline that would serve growing markets in Oregon, the Pacific Northwest, and the western U.S.
NW Oregon County Seeks Safety Review for Bradwood Landing LNG
Apr 12, 2007 - Clatsop County, Ore., earlier this week announced that it will bring in experts for an independent public safety assessment of the proposed Bradwood Landing LLC liquefied natural gas import terminal.



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